Degenerative Joint Disease


Joint degeneration occurs in most people as they age.  Joint degeneration  is often referred to as "arthritis" or “wear and tear”.   Degeneration of the joint surface, for example, can be accompanied by an overgrowth of bone, narrowing of the joint space and deformity of the joint.  Osteoarthritis is a form of joint degeneration and may present in numerous joints of the body including the spine.

 There are various factors that have been associated with joint degeneration, such as osteoarthritis, including heredity, injury, fractures and overuse.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain and discomfort
  • Swelling and tenderness to touch
  • Joint may be warm to touch
  • Prolonged joint stiffness which may follow activity
  • Pain worsened by activity or when weight-bearing
  • Decreased range of motion
  • When progressed, crepitus (e.g. creaking or cracking)


Our experts can help: Depending on the findings of the history and patient examination, your chiropractor will recommend an individualized plan of management.  The treatment options may include:

  • Patient education and reassurance
  • Mobilization of the joint, or associated joints
  • Soft tissue therapy
  • Modalities including electrical stimulation, acupuncture, ultrasound and others
  • Rehabilitation and exercises
  • Ergonomic and lifestyle changes
  • Co-management with your medical doctor (e.g. trauma or dislocation)